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functions of literary criticism
  • Judgement :
  • Here in these lines, he explains the task of a critic in a 3-fold way: First, a critic must know about life and the world before writing anything and see the things as they are. After a measured and carefully considered opening, in which Eliot takes pains to define the critical process as it is distinguished from the creative, he suddenly launches into several pages of splenetic raillery against the critic J. Middleton Murry, whom he presents as the exemplar of the enemy camp. Thus, the objective of literary criticism is to determine the artistic values, poetic beauty, or the features being regarded as inadequate existing in the works of literature in order to 1-Helping the reader to gain a better understanding of nature and value of literature, and a better appreciation of the pleasure proper to literature, then to form an evaluation of his own. Second, he should promote his ideas to others and make the best ideas prevail in society. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Study Guides of Function of Criticism, Study Guides of T.S. OR “A written study, evaluation and interpretation of a work of literature”. Apparently Eliot would prefer to be writing about anything else, or to be silent. literary criticism meaning: 1. the formal study and discussion of works of literature, for example by judging and explaining…. The function of literary criticism is to examine the merits and demerits or defects of a work of art and finally to evaluate its worth. Liv Avail Ar 3 Review, Carolina Warringah Mall, Obagi Elastiderm Eye Cream Dupe, Supreme Herbal Henna Mehandi Reviews, Everything There Is To Know About Logo Design Pdf, Paula Deen Baked Spaghetti With Cream Cheese, Grado Gw100 Weightby And By Caamp, Alpha Aviation Academy Fees Philippines, Authentic Lavash Recipe, Seaweed With Air Bladders, Nizam Degree College Cut Off Marks 2019, " />
  • Judgement :
  • Here in these lines, he explains the task of a critic in a 3-fold way: First, a critic must know about life and the world before writing anything and see the things as they are. After a measured and carefully considered opening, in which Eliot takes pains to define the critical process as it is distinguished from the creative, he suddenly launches into several pages of splenetic raillery against the critic J. Middleton Murry, whom he presents as the exemplar of the enemy camp. Thus, the objective of literary criticism is to determine the artistic values, poetic beauty, or the features being regarded as inadequate existing in the works of literature in order to 1-Helping the reader to gain a better understanding of nature and value of literature, and a better appreciation of the pleasure proper to literature, then to form an evaluation of his own. Second, he should promote his ideas to others and make the best ideas prevail in society. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Study Guides of Function of Criticism, Study Guides of T.S. OR “A written study, evaluation and interpretation of a work of literature”. Apparently Eliot would prefer to be writing about anything else, or to be silent. literary criticism meaning: 1. the formal study and discussion of works of literature, for example by judging and explaining…. The function of literary criticism is to examine the merits and demerits or defects of a work of art and finally to evaluate its worth. Liv Avail Ar 3 Review, Carolina Warringah Mall, Obagi Elastiderm Eye Cream Dupe, Supreme Herbal Henna Mehandi Reviews, Everything There Is To Know About Logo Design Pdf, Paula Deen Baked Spaghetti With Cream Cheese, Grado Gw100 Weightby And By Caamp, Alpha Aviation Academy Fees Philippines, Authentic Lavash Recipe, Seaweed With Air Bladders, Nizam Degree College Cut Off Marks 2019, " />
  • Judgement :
  • Here in these lines, he explains the task of a critic in a 3-fold way: First, a critic must know about life and the world before writing anything and see the things as they are. After a measured and carefully considered opening, in which Eliot takes pains to define the critical process as it is distinguished from the creative, he suddenly launches into several pages of splenetic raillery against the critic J. Middleton Murry, whom he presents as the exemplar of the enemy camp. Thus, the objective of literary criticism is to determine the artistic values, poetic beauty, or the features being regarded as inadequate existing in the works of literature in order to 1-Helping the reader to gain a better understanding of nature and value of literature, and a better appreciation of the pleasure proper to literature, then to form an evaluation of his own. Second, he should promote his ideas to others and make the best ideas prevail in society. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Study Guides of Function of Criticism, Study Guides of T.S. OR “A written study, evaluation and interpretation of a work of literature”. Apparently Eliot would prefer to be writing about anything else, or to be silent. literary criticism meaning: 1. the formal study and discussion of works of literature, for example by judging and explaining…. The function of literary criticism is to examine the merits and demerits or defects of a work of art and finally to evaluate its worth. Liv Avail Ar 3 Review, Carolina Warringah Mall, Obagi Elastiderm Eye Cream Dupe, Supreme Herbal Henna Mehandi Reviews, Everything There Is To Know About Logo Design Pdf, Paula Deen Baked Spaghetti With Cream Cheese, Grado Gw100 Weightby And By Caamp, Alpha Aviation Academy Fees Philippines, Authentic Lavash Recipe, Seaweed With Air Bladders, Nizam Degree College Cut Off Marks 2019, " />

    functions of literary criticism

    Arnold was a moralist who based his interpretations on this philosophical foundation, Lakshmi writes. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Summary of T.S. Part 2 deals with Murry’s views on Romanticism and classicism and Eliot’s contradiction with it. Never an intellectual purist, Eliot realizes that that may often mean finding great merit in a work that flies in the face of current practices, and minimal merit in one that does little more than repeat past performances. It is used as a vehicle to interpret or analyze various types of literature, including poetry, novels, and plays. There processes of interpretation come into play, but they must be guided facts, as he calls them, that are then put into the reader’s possession. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Summary of Function of Criticism, Summary of T.S. Eliot's Function of Criticism, Themes of Function of Criticism, Themes of T.S. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Synopsis of Function of Criticism, Synopsis of T.S. Literary criticism offers a variety of perspectives for the study of the Gospels, for in the history of criticism different views of the reference, role and function of literature have guided the work of criticism. His definition of criticism contrasted the impassioned gushings of a literary impressionism that had dominated what passed for literary criticism for much of the 19th century, against which Arnold had proposed his own analyses of the cultural dynamics represented by the creative and critical impulses. The overall functions of literary criticism are not easily compartmentalized. As regards the function of literary criticism, considering the saying of Atkins who says the chief functions of literary criticism are, evaluation, interpretation and explanation or elucidation, it may be said that literary criticism involves various aspects to examine the literary work in order to conclude good qualities and the defects in the works of literature which successively can facilitate the writer to … Literary criticism refers to a The literary critic, therefore, is primarily an expert who uses his special faculty and training to examine the merits and defects of a piece of literary art or the work of a given author and pronounce a verdict upon it. One of the prompts is to explain the function of criticism, and why it's significant to the study of literature. Literature is interpreted within the context of the philosophical thought of a period or group, such as … Literary criticism is at risk of reneging on both of its traditional functions. Eliot’s Hamlet and His Problems, Analysis of T.S. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. 1. Poetic modes are identified according to their means of imitation, the actions they imitate, the manner of imitation, and its effects. For understanding literary criticism, we first need to drive home the concept of literature which is best not defined on the basis of whether it can be imaginative or fictional. “Those who obey the inner voice.” Eliot contends, returning to his original topic, the function of criticism, “will not be interested in the attempt to find any common principles for the pursuit of criticism. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Function of Criticism, Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, Modernism, Notes of Function of Criticism, Notes of T.S. Whether one agrees with his positions or not, he enlarges on them, refining and extending them into all corners of his individual interests, the spiritual and moral as well as aesthetic and critical, without ever altering his essential belief in conforming oneself to the overriding and underlying social and cultural structures and strictures out of which human values emerge. Such a criticism, he admits, may make readers more interested in reading critical texts rather than the primary sources, the poems and novels and plays. Let's try again … "Literary criticism is the evaluation of literary works. In 1851, in the landmark essay “The Function of Criticism at the Present Time,” a title Eliot’s title no doubt intentionally echoes, Arnold had hoped to give English literary criticism a more authentic intellectual pedigree, and he argued for basing criticism on principles drawn from observing an alternating cultural dynamic that required periods of objective critical analysis as much as periods of unbridled creative effort. Literary criticism has multiple functions. T. S. Eliot’s essay “The Function of Criticism” (1923) is a work of angry intelligence: it reads as if it were written under duress. The true critic is the one who is equipped for his/her task by a sound knowledge of his subject. Function Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Brief Notes of T.S. All forms of art have their critics. He would explore an author's purpose for writing, helping to determine what the author was saying beyond the obvious. What Is Bhaskar's Theory of Critical Realism? As the decades continued, ideas on the value of order and tradition only vaguely expressed in an essay such as “The Function of Criticism” became more and more integral elements in his poetry and criticism and eventually plays. Aristotle’s practical contribution to criticism, as opposed to his ethical defense of literature, lies in his inductive treatment of the elements and kinds of poetry. However, it can be described in terms of the way it makes use of languages in different ways. Arnold's scientific approach to criticism included both individual and comparative evaluations. Filed Under: Essays Tagged With: Art, criticism. Eliot's Function of Criticism, Character Study of Function of Criticism, Character Study of T.S. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Analysis of T.S. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Simple Analysis of Function of Criticism, Simple Analysis of T.S. Literary criticism began in 19th century Europe among the bourgeois class, writes Professor Terry Eagleton of the University of Manchester in "The Function of Criticism: From the Spectator to Post-Structuralism." It is used as a vehicle to interpret or analyze various types of literature, including poetry, novels, and plays. The chief function of criticism is to enlighten and stimulate. Now Eliot dares to modify Arnold’s original position in order to establish why he feels that those who rely on the inner voice of intuitive reactions to both the creative impulse and the critical response cannot possibly produce either an adequate critical literature or critical method. The result may seem “arid, technical, and limited,” Eliot readily admits, but it is, in his view, the only kind of criticism that can lay true claim to being such—in his definition, the elucidation of texts and the correction of tastes. Within recent years, however, the distinction has been forced into prominence by various students of literature, who setting the two functions in opposition, have more or less consistently maintained the thesis that the critic’s chief duty is exposition, even if he is ever warranted in venturing beyond exposition into questions of taste and valuation. Apparently Eliot would prefer to be writing about anything else, or to be silent. Academics in the literary, political and philosophical fields assembled to discuss literature and apply the resulting ideas to their areas of interest. Eliot’s Function of Criticism. 2- Helping the writer to improve his skills and … Understanding Meaning. Eliot, however, was never wont to compartmentalize the purely literary from other social and even political concerns, so the unwary reader of “The Function of Criticism” may quickly wonder what is going on. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Bibliography of T.S. Literary criticism will not only help students better understand literature, but it will also help them to write it, according to the humanities department at Georgia Perimeter College. The Victorian poet Matthew Arnold was the first contemporary literary critic, S.N. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Nature and Function of Literary Criticism. The true critic is the one who is equipped for his/her task by a sound knowledge of his subject. Modern literary criticism is often influenced by literary theory, which is the philosophical discussion of literature's goals and methods. As a tool in literary studies, critic plays an important role in doing studies or analysis about literary work. Why have principles,” he asks, only partially tongue in cheek, “when one has the inner voice?”. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Essays of T.S. If someone were to attempt to critique a literary work, they might find that they are doing a broad spectrum of activities, ranging from book reviews to more in-depth theoretical discussions of not only the book, but also the person who wrote the book and the historical events that occurred during the time of original writing. 2 pages, 540 words. Originally published in Eliot’s own literary review, the Criterion, and later collected in Selected Essays in 1932, “The Function of Criticism,” along with “The Frontiers of Criticism” (1956) and “To Criticize the Critic” (1961), provides a cogent commentary on what Eliot sees to be the purpose of literary criticism, as opposed to its … LITERARY CRITICISM The paradigms and the possibilities… 2. The Function of CRITICISM

    • Judgement :
    • In its strict sense, criticism means judgement. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Plot of T.S. The chief function of criticism is to enlighten and stimulate. The essay The Functions of Criticism written by T. S. Eliot was published in 1923. Categories: American Literature, Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, Tags: American Literature, Analysis of Function of Criticism, Analysis of T.S. Introduction to Literary Criticism ENG4UI Gender Criticism Gender criticism analyzes literature through the lens of socially-constructed gender roles The largest part ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 76f8e5-NWUwZ Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Notes of T.S. Part 3 deals with Eliot’s criticism of Murr… There are many different types, or schools, of literary criticism that can be applied to works of literature. Literary criticism 1. Summary of Function of Criticism by Eliot - T. S. Eliot says that it is commonly believed that criticism is an autotelic activity. Yet already here is Eliot, in the shadow of his radical modernist iconoclasm that had just the year before produced The Waste Land, attacking those who listen to the “Inner Voice” of romanticism and moral disorder, whom he caricatures as marching under the intellectual banner of “Muddle Through,” and he is doing so with the same restrained passion that he will bring to bear some 10 years and life-altering religious experiences later in After Strange Gods (1934). In essence, Eliot casts his vote in favor of a critical methodology that relies on judging a work’s relative merits in terms of generally accepted standards of taste and technical virtuosity rather than on the basis of one’s individual taste and opinions. Enjoy an audio version of this article. To read Eliot’s position in that way, however, misses the pointed attack on some contemporary critical strategies that he had felt free enough to disparage with an intellectual vigor in the earlier pages of his essay. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Criticism of Function of Criticism, Criticism of T.S. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Education, Galileo's Influence on Renaissance Literature. Still, Eliot asserts that facts cannot corrupt taste, although opinion can. One of criticism’s principal functions is to express the shifts in sensibility that make such revaluations possible. This approach takes the position that the larger function of literature is to teach morality and probe philosophical issues, such as ethics, religion, or the nature of humanity. Wow … thanks a lot … now everything is crystal clear … Wikipedia rocks :) 3. Eliot's Function of Criticism, Character Study of T.S. Eliot had begun with a favorable allusion to his earlier, celebrated essay “Tradition and the Individual Talent,” implying that the present essay would elaborate on principles first enunciated there. Discover History. The function of literary criticism is to examine the merits and demerits or defects of a work of art and finally to evaluate its worth. Arnold was a moralist who based his interpretations on this philosophical foundation, Lakshmi writes. The literary critic is sometimes cast in the role of scholarly detective, unearthing, authenticating, and editing unknown manuscripts. Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. Literary criticism and interpretation give meaning and value to an author's work. Criticism is how we evaluate and interpret art. In 1923, when the essay was written, it was still some five to 10 years before Eliot’s famous declaration that he was a Catholic, a classicist, and a royalist in faith, taste, and politics. T. S. Eliot’s essay “The Function of Criticism” (1923) is a work of angry intelligence: it reads as if it were written under duress. Earlier in the essay, to establish the basic principle that criticism, in a literary context, entails “the elucidation of works of art and the correction of tastes,” Eliot had referred to the 19th-century English poet and critic MATTHEW ARNOLD. Through th… This essay has been divided into four parts: 1. Eliot’s Function of Criticism. Criticism may be regarded as having two different functions – that of interpretation and that of judgment. An early type of criticism (mimetic criticism) views the literary work as an imitation (mimesis) of the world By assessing literary devices, metaphors, similes, social norms and societal interpretations in literature from a given period, you can learn a lot about that period as well as about its society. Parks received his Masters of Arts in English at New York University. "The Function of Criticism: From the Spectator to Post-Structuralism"; Terry Eagleton; 2005. Philosophy. The function of literary criticism is to examine the merits and demerits or defects of a work of art and finally to evaluate its worth. Eliot's Function of Criticism, NTA UGC NET English June 2020 Questions and Answers, Analysis of Alexander Pope’s An Essay on Criticism, Analysis of T.S. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Contemporary literary criticism in the Philippines: preliminary notes* by J. Neil C. Garcia. The Origin and Meaning of the term CRITICISM The term criticism derives from the Greek term kritikos , which was used in the 4 th century B.C. There are many different types, or schools, of literary criticism that can be applied to works of literature. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Synopsis of T.S. However, there are severa… The primary function of literary criticism is to interpret literature in a way that will increase understanding, according to the English department of Georgia Perimeter College. For instance; focus on structure, history, philosophy, or may be psychology within the literary … Its creativity, however, is necessarily derived from an intense interaction with the creative work with which it is engaged, and that enagement cannot take place unless a critic has a “very highly developed sense of fact.” This respect for the externals of the creative process, as it were, cannot possibly accompany an attitude toward creative endeavors that makes of them inviolable utterances inspired not by tradition or technical virtuosities but by attending on the amorphous guidance provided by an inner voice and a muddle-through approach. Literary criticism is a way of having a "conversation" about a work, placing the work not only in its own context, but also in the context of the thinking of the time of the criticism. 3. Applying criticism make our focus on certain aspect or element of literary work sharper than reading as usual. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. 2. Rather it is that both works have been judged in relatively objectified terms, not according to the vagaries of the critic’s personal fancies, however “tasteful” they may appear to be. Since 2003, Desmond Parks has worked for advertising, marketing, and consulting firms. However, it is quite a wrong statement because a creative work of art requires great efforts and hard work. All forms of art have their critics. The Victorian poet Matthew Arnold was the first contemporary literary critic, S.N. LITERARY CRITICISM The term CRITICISM is derived from the Greek term KRITIKOS , which was used in the 4th century B.C. “If so large a part of creation is really criticism,” it follows that “a large part of what is called ‘critical writing’ [is] really creative.”. What Are the Functions of Literary Criticism? In the process, of course, Eliot also defines what he takes to be a correct critical method. I feel like that would be pretty easy to answer, if I only understood what literary criticism was. Fortunately, in this earlier essay, Eliot makes it clear in logical rather than merely rhetorical terms why he believes that the sloppiness of thought and feeling associated with romanticism—that love affair with the Inner Voice—does not lend itself to criticism, and such clarity of intent continues to form a great part of the essay’s value as a critical document. If it were a battle in the present culture wars, Murry and his ilk would be stylized as liberals; Eliot, in keeping with the epithets of his time, calls them Whigs. “Literary texts” include works of fiction and poetry. So, could someone please explain, in simple terms, what the function of literary criticism is? He thought that poetry founded on amoral or indifferent beliefs was counterproductive and rebellious to life itself. In school, English instructors ask students to critique literary texts, or works. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Bibliography of Function of Criticism, Bibliography of T.S. At virtually any time in modern history, those are all conservative postures to assume. His work has appeared in online and print publications, including the social magazine "Scallywag and Vagabond" and the literary magazine "The Prometheus"). Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Critics have reviewed and debated the value of literary works since before the Italian Renaissance. This abhorrence of his for the notion that the self is the final arbiter of all values and valid judgments eventually led him to embrace ultimate tradition in the Catholic Christian foundation of the Anglo-American culture that bred him. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Study Guides of T.S. With respect to this theory, literature falls under th… One of the prompts is to explain the function of criticism, and why it's significant to the study of literature. It is this seamless nature of Eliot’s intellectual approach to contemporary concerns that makes him such an interesting thinker. Its Nature and Functions. Arnold, Eliot claims, missed the point by separating the creative and the critical into two complementary but nevertheless different faculties. Conversely, Eliot proposes, the opposite must be true as well. It means a judge of literature . Enjoy an audio version of this article. Arnold assumed the position that poetry ought to have a moral foundation, with positive ideals and perspectives to communicate to readers. These critics adhere to the free-wheeling principles of the spirit of romanticism, with its anything- goes mentality, and are therefore opposed to its perceived nemesis, classicism, and that movement’s religious manifestation, Catholicism, with their interest in preserving the status quo for the sake of protecting traditional values and models of behavior and social propriety. Literary criticism goes all the way back to the days of Plato. It is indeed true that in practice these two functions have until our own time been generally combined, since the majority of critics, while conceiving judgment to be the real end of all criticism, have freely employed interpretation as … We read film reviews in our daily newspapers, television reviews in weekly blogs and, of course, book reviews in magazines. It is important for every writer to understand literary criticism so that he can improve the way he communicates directly and indirectly. It was a response to Murry who challenged the ideas of Eliot presented in her previous work “Tradition and Individual Talent” (1919) in his work “Romanticism and Tradition”. Literary criticism - Literary criticism - Historical development: Although almost all of the criticism ever written dates from the 20th century, questions first posed by Plato and Aristotle are still of prime concern, and every critic who has attempted to justify the social value of literature has had to come to terms with the opposing … The creative writer, in Eliot’s view, is equally as engaged in a critical as a creative process as he or she composes, particularly if the writer is one who, like the classicists Eliot defends, does not rely on the “Inner Voice” but on the guidance of long-standing traditions and carefully considered poetic and aesthetic standards of both a technical and a thematic nature in the act of selecting and discarding the materials that eventually constitute the poem. Literary criticism has multiple functions. But that is not what is at issue here. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, T. S. Eliot, T.S. Literary Criticism Defined. The chief function of criticism is to enlighten and stimulate. That later work would embarrass even Eliot for being perhaps too partisan in finding fault with those who did not agree with his own aesthetic and moral positions, which he himself perceived as traditionalist and conservative. Analysis of T.S. So, criticism is basically the exercise of judgment, and literary criticism is, therefore, the exercise of judgment on works of literature. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Plot of Function of Criticism, Plot of T.S. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Criticism of T.S. The literary criticism is a concept, formed on the basis of critical analysis and primarily estimates the value and merit of literary works for the presence or quality of certain parameters of literary … Function So, could someone please explain, in simple terms, what the function of literary criticism is? Literary criticism is a way of having a "conversation" about a work, placing the work not only in its own context, but also in the context of the thinking of the time of the criticism. Home › American Literature › Analysis of T.S. I feel like that would be pretty easy to answer, if I only understood what literary criticism was. Literary criticism is an interpretive process used to weigh the social value of a written idea. The reader can focus on an aspect as his/her interest toward the literary work. In the same way, Eliot will gradually ally himself with belief systems and political ideologies that mitigate personal preferences for the sake of enduring foundational values. We read film reviews in our daily newspapers, television reviews in weekly blogs and, of course, book reviews in … Critics let us know if a movie is worth spending our hard-earned money to see in a theater or whether we can wait for it on cable or even if we can skip the film all together. Functions Of Literary Criticism As Cecil Day Lewis puts it in the The Poetic Image "to say it quite simply, the critic has one pre eminent task -the task of easing or widening or deepening our responses to poetry, or one must add, to what ever other branch of literature he may have chosen as his special study." Radhika Lakshmi writes on the website Literature-Study Online. Overall, and from the vantage point of nearly a century of further refinements in critical theory later, Eliot may seem to be doing little more than arguing in favor of carefully balanced, informed readings of a text, even when such a reading may seem to be cold and detached. Literary criticism is an interpretive process used to weigh the social value of a written idea. As such, the three essays, taken separately or regarded as a whole, map the development of Eliot’s ideas regarding the benefit of criticism to literary production and, more important, to reader receptivity to literary values. In “The Function of Criticism,” too, after everything is said and done, Eliot is ultimately asserting the primacy of tradition over individual tastes and practices, of objective judgment over subjective responses, and of the whole over the part. Comparison and analysis rather than responding with how one feels are the critic’s “chief tools,” Eliot says, but one then has to know what to compare and what to analyze. “An informed analysis and evaluation of a piece of literature”. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, By Nasrullah Mambrol on July 4, 2020 • ( 0 ). The word criticism is derived from the Greek word meaning ” judgment”. From this, it is clear that the nature of literary criticism is to examine a work of literature, and its function is to identify its points of excellence and its inadequacies, and finally to evaluate its artistic worth. Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature.Modern literary criticism is often influenced by literary theory, which is the philosophical discussion of literature's goals and methods. DEFINITION … Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. Part 1 deals with Eliot’s views on critic and the critical work of art. Critics have reviewed and debated the value of literary works since before the Italian Renaissance. The minimal condition for such a new appraisal is, of course, that the original text survive. Though the two activities are closely related, literary critics are not always, and have not always … The more detail and context, the … THE NATURE AND FUNCTION OF LITERARY CRITICISM Prof. Ketan Pandya Prof. V. I. Patel 2. In the 2nd century A.D. its place was taken by the term CRITICUS , aimed at the interpretation of texts and words and improvement of the works of writers in Greek or Latin. Eliot’s Tradition and the Individual Talent.
    Here in these lines, he explains the task of a critic in a 3-fold way: First, a critic must know about life and the world before writing anything and see the things as they are. After a measured and carefully considered opening, in which Eliot takes pains to define the critical process as it is distinguished from the creative, he suddenly launches into several pages of splenetic raillery against the critic J. Middleton Murry, whom he presents as the exemplar of the enemy camp. Thus, the objective of literary criticism is to determine the artistic values, poetic beauty, or the features being regarded as inadequate existing in the works of literature in order to 1-Helping the reader to gain a better understanding of nature and value of literature, and a better appreciation of the pleasure proper to literature, then to form an evaluation of his own. Second, he should promote his ideas to others and make the best ideas prevail in society. Eliot’s Function of Criticism, Study Guides of Function of Criticism, Study Guides of T.S. OR “A written study, evaluation and interpretation of a work of literature”. Apparently Eliot would prefer to be writing about anything else, or to be silent. literary criticism meaning: 1. the formal study and discussion of works of literature, for example by judging and explaining…. The function of literary criticism is to examine the merits and demerits or defects of a work of art and finally to evaluate its worth.

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