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DESIGN: Validity study, with the medical record of the general practitioner (GP) as gold standard. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Art. Adherence issues in sport and exercise. Cerga-Pashoja A, Lowery D, Bhattacharya R, Griffin M, Iliffe S, Lee J, et al. In: Dishman R, editor. – CHI 14. In order to learn lessons from past diary creation and use and develop theory to inform an optimised diary, we adopted a case study approach. Arch Phys Med Rehabil [in press]. However under-reporting of frequency was likely to reflect the Activpal cutpoints used, as longer walks tended to contain pauses of longer than 60 s and so were classified as two or more walks. Activpal data loss occurred from low battery (n = 1, 3 days; n = 1, 2 days; n = 1, 1 day) and from early removal due to skin irritation (n = 2, 1 day). Categories and issues were modelled and triangulated with quantitative data to produce an overall explanatory model. 2010 Mar;140(3):542-50. doi: 10.3945/jn.109.115253. Frost R, McClurg D, Brady M, Williams B. Int J Ther Rehabil. In general, the first and second administrations of the time use diary showed similar validity Spearman correlation coefficients within the different domain and intensity categories. McClurg D, Hilton P, Dolan L, Monga A, Hagen S, Frawley H, et al. Google Scholar. PubMed  Both were, on average, valid, but individually possessed extreme variability. GD itself provide any legal remedy, it is not a case or civil suit but it … We based these changes upon the concepts of salience (a diary that engaged participants would be better completed) and complexity (a diary which collected fewer, simpler items spread across fewer pages would be better completed) identified in the case study model. However, despite their popularity there is little evidence to support optimal design or use of adherence diaries within a trial. Article  We used a multiple case study of seven UK home-based rehabilitation trials to develop a theoretical model to improve the validity, completion and return of adherence diaries. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. 23 January 2012 Your query has two aspects viz. The above model contained a number of factors that could be optimised and tested. J Nutr. We therefore aimed to (1) generate theory to explain the variation in validity, completion and return of adherence diaries, (2) create an optimised diary based upon this theory and (3) evaluate the optimised diary’s validity against a nonoptimised diary. Coll. Currently, self-report questionnaires have little evidence to support their use [3, 4] and though some electronic methods are valid and reliable [5], they are costly and are mostly limited to walking activity. Conf. Frost, R., McClurg, D., Brady, M. et al. Falls prevention advice and visual feedback to those at risk of falling: study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Version 10. West J Nurs Res. World Health Organization. To identify factors influencing the validity, completion and return of adherence diaries, we therefore used a multiple case study approach based upon Yin’s explanatory and exploratory methods. Our study did not find a trend towards under- or over-reporting for any outcome apart from frequency. 2004 May;104(5):746-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2004.02.029. Ann Arbor: Institute for … Littlewood C, Malliaras P, Mawson S, May S, Walters SJ. Mackenzie C, Muir M, Allen C, Jensen A. Children of Hispanic origin bear a high risk of obesity. 2013;7(S2):7. Bollen JC, Dean SG, Siegert RJ, Howe TE, Goodwin V. A systematic review of measures of self-reported adherence to unsupervised home-based rehabilitation exercise programmes, and their psychometric properties. Hall AM, Kamper SJ, Hernon M, Lonsdale C, Hurley DA, Hughes K, et al. Measurement tools for adherence to non-pharmacological self-management treatment for chronic musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review. Our findings indicate that both direct estimates and favorites are valid measures for game violence, whereas for television violence, only direct estimates are valid. Donald Trump’s baseless claims that his loss to Joe Biden was due to election fraud are set for their toughest test this week with hearings set in his federal lawsuit in Pennsylvania.. In the broadest context these terms are applicable, with validity referring to the integrity and application of the methods undertaken and the precision in which the findings accurately reflect the data, whilst Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov. Group-level adherence diary data are likely to be valid. The primary outcome was the difference in criterion validity between the optimised and nonoptimised diary for assessing percentage adherence to daily walking duration. J Am Diet Assoc. This difference was not significant (3.44 %, t(401.8) = 0.342, p = 0.732) and the null hypothesis could not be rejected. We used framework analysis [25] to analyse qualitative interview data. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. Both diaries are also attached in Additional file 1. Physiotherapy. Stage 1. Case studies are consequently ideal to understand why practices or processes work in some situations but not others [14, 15]. Article  Those with greater adherence were thought by trialists to be keener to demonstrate this in diaries and more distinctive behaviours appeared to be more easily recalled and recorded. Holden M, Haywood K, Potia T, Gee M, McLean S. Recommendations for exercise adherence measures in musculoskeletal settings: a systematic review and consensus meeting (protocol). 2008;9:62. doi:10.1186/1471-2474-9-62. The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. In: Shiffman S, Atienza A, Nebeling L, editors. We intended to include one or more cases in which electronic diaries or apps were used, but we could not locate any trials matching these criteria. (PDF 273 kb), Bland-Altman plots for other analyses. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2003. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1615-7, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-016-1615-7. (DOCX 192 kb). Syst Rev. statement and 2014;100:80–5. factors Comput. 2008;14:226–35. Despite their potential importance adherence diaries are vulnerable to two major problems: reduced validity from back- and forward-filling, social desirability and simple forgetfulness; and missing data arising from noncompletion and nonreturn [8, 9]. Multidimensional daily diary of fatigue–fibromyalgia–17 ... or about two to three percent of the general population in the United ... current re-evaluation of existing qualitative and quantitative data suggests that the MDF-Fibro-17 has strong content validity and captures the … We used a randomised AB/BA 1:1 crossover trial design. Stone A. Oxford University Press: The science of real-time data capture. California Privacy Statement, Two participants had a 3-week gap between periods due to bereavement or forgetting the (optimised) diary. However, individual diary data lack validity, which raises concerns if using this data in calculations such as predicting functional outcomes. Similarly, no significant differences and wide intra and interindividual variation were found for other validity and reliability outcomes (Table 5, see Additional file 3 for individual Bland-Altman plots for each outcome). Cite this article. No.:MR000032. Most participants completed the diaries daily (optimised, n = 21, 66 %; nonoptimised, n = 15, 53 %) or after every walk (optimised, n = 8, 25 %; nonoptimised, n = 11, 34 %), with no differences between the diaries (W = 278.00, p = 0.941). BioMed Central Ltd. QSR International Pty Ltd. NVivo qualitative data analysis Software. Measuring adherence to a women’s walking program. Both diaries agreed closely with the Activpal when assessing duration adherence at a group level, however, inter and intraindividual variation in validity was high (mean difference (95 % limits of agreement (LOA): limits of agreement plot the difference between measurements collected using two different methods against their mean and thus assess the extent to which the two measures agree with each other)) optimised diary = 3.09 % (−103.3 to 109.5 %), nonoptimised diary = −0.34 % (−131.1 to 130.5 %), p = 0.732). Art. Optimising the validity and completion of adherence diaries: a multiple case study and randomised crossover trial. PubMed Central  The average preference recorded on the VAS (0 = optimised diary, 100 = nonoptimised diary) was 47.06 (SD 34.4). A post-hoc power calculation found that only a 38 % difference in validity would have been detected in this study, and so it is possible that small differences were not detected. We used regression modelling, with day (duration only), period and allocation as random effects and participant (within allocation) as fixed effects, to test the paired differences between each outcome [20]. We made the a priori decision to adjust all outcomes for period effects. They are additionally both economical and simple to administer. Ethical approval was granted from Glasgow Caledonian University School of Health and Life Sciences Ethics Subcommittee (ref HLS/Psy/A14/009). Logan P, Armstrong S, Avery T, Barer D, Barton G, Darby J, et al. We carried out eight semistructured interviews. The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Start studying General Psychology Exam 1. We analyzed data collected in two waves (six months apart) of the Shanghai Diet and Health Study in 2012–2013, from 1623 Shanghai residents (798 men and 825 women) older than 18 years. 2014;49:602–17. Secondary outcomes included criterion validity of walking frequency data and percentage of days adhered to, test-retest reliability of these adherence outcomes and acceptability (percentage completion and self-developed questionnaire). Rachael Frost. Google Scholar. A multi-centre randomised controlled trial of rehabilitation aimed at improving outdoor mobility for people after stroke: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Researcher interviews were transcribed by RF and all qualitative data thematically analysed in NVivo 10 [16]. 2001;5:1–256. Percentage of days completed did not differ between diaries as to whether any data were present per day (median = 100 % for both, sign test p = 0.378) or whether basic frequency and duration data were completed (median = 100 % for both, W = 266.0, p = 0.553). Tudor-Locke C, Sisson S, Collova T, Lee S, Swan P. Pedometer-determined step count guidelines for classifying walking intensity in a young ostensibly healthy population. ACM Conf. J Pers. The same mechanism can be used to determine whether a national law or practice is compatible with EU law. Weber JL, Lytle L, Gittelsohn J, Cunningham-Sabo L, Heller K, Anliker JA, Stevens J, Hurley J, Ring K. J Am Diet Assoc. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. As data for a sample size calculation were lacking, we established a number of initial assumptions and tested these in an internal pilot (n = 10). This study evaluated the validity and … Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! The validity of the food diary was equally high for men and women in the 15 to 34, 35 to 44, and 45 to 65 age groups. 2011;11:100. One impact on internal validity is the accuracy of the participants’ dedication to fill in the diary log correctly, which can affect the whole dataset. The major limitation of this study was that walking was undertaken in healthy, well-educated adults as a health behaviour rather than as a therapeutic treatment. Not all participants completed the diary for 28 days due to logistical issues (optimised diary, n = 4, 27 days; nonoptimised diary, n = 1, 27 days; n = 1, 26 days; n = 1, 25 days).

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